Pet Arthritis and joint lube
It was reported that all mammals will develop arthritis if they live to an old enough age. Medical advancements are allowing dogs to live longer than ever before. However, animals are being diagnosed with more disease due to their extended life span. Our pets can often be exhibiting signs of arthritis for long periods of time before pet owners even notice. Starting on medications before the symptoms are noticed will slow the changes from occurring and can prevent arthritis from becoming severe later in life.


There are many medications on the market for arthritis currently. There are some new drugs that have been introduced in both human and veterinary medicine that have fewer side effects as well as contain natural ingredients.


The most common drugs being used for arthritis are called Non Steroidal Anti- Inflammatory drugs known as “NSAIDs”. These stop pain by inhibiting inflammation around and in the joint. However, they do have some severe side effects including kidney disease, gastric ulcerations and bleeding.


Recently, there have been new ideas for how arthritis and joint lube should be treated. Doctors are trying to incorporate safe natural drugs called Disease Modifying Osteoarthritis Agents (DMOAAs). DMOAAs are split into two categories called Nutraceuticals and Chondroprotectants. These supplements have not been found to have any side effects and increased research is showing that they are as effective as NSAIDs. When these supplements are used in combination with NSAIDs they decrease the amount of NSAIDs needed to help with pain.


Disease Modifying Osteoarthritis Agents and joint lube can:


o Rebuild cartilage and stop destruction of the joint surface

o Decrease inflammation which causes pain in arthritic patients

o Remove free radicals which can be damaging to joints

o Provide vital nutrients for rebuilding damaged cartilage


These drugs have also been shown in numerous studies to have:


o Anti cancer effects

o Cure common skin diseases including itchy (pruritic) and flaky skin.

o Prevent cognitive dysfunction syndrome (CDS)- Alzheimer like syndrome


These drugs can be purchased over the counter and should be started at a young age to decrease the chances of irreversible arthritic changes. Make sure to only purchase name brand products since they are not regulated by the FDA and the active ingredients differ greatly between products.


Some of the most common supplements being used are:


– Sam-e(S-adenosyl-L-methionine)

– Omega-3 fatty acids

Inland Empire Bridal Hair
Bridal hair flowers are one of the most fashionable Inland Empire Bridal Hair accessories that will add an elegant touch to any bridal gown. Add a gorgeous birdcage or illusion veil and you will have an awesome one of a kind floral hair piece!


Some brides prefer using their favorite fresh flowers to adorn their hair. Many flowers such as gardenia, lilies, and freesia have an intoxicating fragrance that fills the air with a sweet perfume. Fresh ivy leaves, myrtle and boxwood will make a beautiful green backdrop to set off the beautiful colors of the flowers.


If you prefer not to have a strong fragrance and Inland Empire Bridal Hair , there are many flowers that can be used. Most florist roses do not have a fragrance because they are cut before they have fully opened. Unless you purchase them from an organic supplier, the flowers actually have a chemical which is not pleasant at all!


Whole Foods is a wonderful source for organically grown flowers. They can be worn in the hair as well as placed on the wedding cake with confidence. If you have a friend or family member who gardens, it is a perfect source for organic flowers.


Fresh flowers should be placed in a cool, dark place until the last minute. Cut the stems at a 45 degree angle and place them in cool water. Mist the blooms to keep them well hydrated.


A refrigerator is a good storage area (not the freezer!). Just be sure they are not stored next to fruit and vegetables as that will destroy them.


Inland Empire Bridal Hair give off an ethylene gas that is toxic to flowers


For small floral pieces such as corsages and hair clips, an insulated ice chest filled with ice is a good storage container.


To prepare a fresh flower for a hair clip or comb, you will need two pieces of florist wire, florist tape, a piece of cotton, and an alligator clip or hair comb.


Cut the flower stem very short and insert a wire in the north to south direction. Cut another wire and insert in the east to west position. Bend the wires down to form a stem and insert a moistened cotton piece on the end of the flower stem.


Wrap with florist tape from the base of the flower to the end of the wire. Cut the length you need to wrap around an alligator clip.


It’s a good idea to keep an extra flower on standby in case one gets damaged or loses a petal.


If you choose to wear a veil, the flower clip can also be used to help hold the veil in place. A birdcage veil can be attached with bobby pins first and then add the fresh flower clip to cover the bobby pins.


Since feathers are being used as wedding hair accessories, there is no reason they can’t be used with fresh flowers as well.


Plan the design before you begin. Prepare the flower and the feather in the same way (without the moistened cotton for the feather). Bring the stems together and use florist tape to bind them together.


Not only are bridal hair flowers one of the most important accessories for today’s bride, they can be a real show stopper, especially for the photos!

If you are considering extending your home soon, then chances are that you will need the services of a home extension architect. The home extension architect is one of the emerging specialists in architecture, alongside the likes of the environmental architect, the residential architect and so on. These are typically professionals with strong backgrounds in general architecture, who then go on to specialize, through further training and extensive project involvement, in the respective areas.


The need to involve an architect comes as ‘news’ to many people going on such projects. But the truth of the matter is that the home extension – if it is to be properly hacked – may actually call for more skill than what was involved in the first building of the property; hence the need for a specialized architect.


What is worth noting about the involvement of a home-extension architect in the project is that this is not just about the aesthetics of the project, but also about the safety of the extension. Indeed, in many legal jurisdictions, it becomes a mandatory requirement Jadescape showflat location – because there have been cases of what were initially very sound structures ending up being compromised during extensions, so that they become unsafe. And an unsafe structure as we all know, is not only dangerous to the owner, but to the general public as well; for there is no knowing when it could come tumbling, and who it could end up falling on.


Jadescape showflat location architect who is involved in the initial design of the building


The roles of the home extension architect can be seen as two-fold. On the one hand, this is the professional who (perhaps in concert with the structural engineer) will ensure that the structures that make the extension possible are safe – that they won’t come tumbling the very next day. And on the other hand, this is also the professional who will ensure that the structures are aesthetically appealing, for there have also been cases of otherwise beautiful buildings ending up completely messed up during extension, when the extension projects are not properly thought out.


In the face of the unique challenges involved in home-extension projects, it is not unheard of architects who are otherwise very highly experienced in general architecture (in the designing of absolutely new buildings, that is) expressing reservations about going on home extension projects. Their advice to you, when you approach them with such a project will be that you should go to a home extension architect.


An encounter with a home extension architect will usually start with a visit to his or her office, where you get to brief them on what you generally want. The second step would be for them to visit the site, and make a professional assessment of the project. And the third step would be for them to work out the specifics of the project in their studio, with the end result of this step being the drawings they develop and hand to the builders who are to be involved in the actual project. After this, the role of the home extension architect is reduced to a supervisory role – to ensure that the blueprints they developed for the project are followed, so as to come up with both a structurally sound, and aesthetically appealing building.

I became interested in Restylane to fix a problem of hollowness across my cheeks. I am not a bad looking woman– I think I have a pretty good facial structure with the normal sprinkling of flaws here and there. Overall, I like my face. The only things are those dark shadows in the hollows of my cheeks that distract quite a bit from my appearance. When I looked in the mirror, I saw a nice painting– a nice painting with smears across its surface. I wanted those smears gone.


I made an appointment with a dermatologist for my first IV Therapy on Long Island. After my bad experience with mesotherapy, I decided to do my homework and thoroughly research about Restylane. This time I am going in with my eyes and ears wide open supported by facts and not merely by hearing, saying or word of mouth.


I looked up my information on the internet: Many people practice restylane injections– nurses, physician assistants, general practitioners, gynecologists, even dentists. Apparently, there are not very stringent requirements for one to administer or inject restylane. So I wanted to plan this very safely by deciding that I would make an appointment with either a dermatologist who knows about facial structure and skin, or a cosmetic surgeon.


I went with a dermatologist who has a fairly decent practice and has a good amount of experience injecting restylane.


Lesson #1: Pick a doctor who has a good reputation. They have so much to lose if they screw up, so chances are, they will not screw up. Remember, this is YOUR FACE.


When a doctor looks at your face, he has his own perspective of how your face should look like. This is fine when coupled with the fact that, assuming he has done the restylane injections many times before, he has the expertise of knowing where to inject and where the restylane is going from the injection site.


The other parts of the story is how you see your face and how you want it to look like. You must communicate very clearly to your doctor which areas you want the restylane to affect. This communication is key. Most of the time, you and your doctor will agree. Sometimes, however, you will find that you and your doctor don’t exactly see on the same level. Remember, beauty is in the eyes of the beholder. What looks good to your doctor may not necessarily be what you want. Ultimately, it is how you want your face to look and what will make you happy.


Some Things About Restylane: I’ve had three restylane treatments so far. There are some of my observations about Restylane based on my personal experience. Keep in mind that these may be subjective but I decided I should share them anyway.


1) To a certain degree, restylane can be moved, molded, and manipulated up to the first hours of injections. I have noticed that I can flatten, shape, or move the restylane. I discovered this by accident after my first treatment. I was advised to massage the right side of my under eye area, as it was swelling more than the left side. At first, I thought I noticed that after some massaging, I had actually moved and flattened the restylane from the injection area, but I thought I was imagining it. Now after two more restylane treatments, I know for sure, at least in my case, that I can move it and emphasize it only to a certain extent. Now, I am not saying that you should get restylane


2) The following paragraph should be logical, but what woman who is on a quest for beauty is logical? When you create volume on a certain area of your face, it affects the appearance of the other areas, too. Let’s say you have a certain area of your face where you may have a minor flaw/hollowness/darkness which was unnoticeable to you pre-restylane treatment. Now, say you decide to have restylane injections on your cheeks to create more volume there. Fine, now you have fuller cheeks. But all of a sudden, you see how hollow and dark your under eyes area is. It’s like you have two negative parts of an equation; if you make one of them positive (in this case, better looking), the negative now becomes more noticeable.


I am sharing this because I have personally experienced it. It is not to say it is good or bad. Personally, I will always want to look better if possible. But my point in sharing this is to make you aware of what goes when you start “renovating” your face. You want more because you want more, not entirely because you are a vain person (well, I am, I admit it), but also because the some other areas of your face now contrast to the restylane treated area. And, of course, you would feel a need to improve those other areas. This “chain reaction” is a normal reaction that you need to recognize and be aware of and know how to manage.

The skin is the largest organ in our bodies. Ingredients in products that are applied to its surface may penetrate through to the small blood vessels located just below, eventually circulating through the entire body. Just as vitamins and minerals can enter our bodies in this way, so too can harmful materials. Skincare products are something most people use daily, which magnifies the potential for exposure to any harmful ingredients. This is especially true for children – the ratio of their skin surface area to their body volume is higher than for adults, meaning any harmful chemical applied to the skin, once inside the body, will have a more significant impact.


As parents, we want our kids to live happy, healthy, worry-free lives. To most moms, that means getting the best of everything for their little angels. When it comes to skin protection  skincare influencers, cleaning, and caring, this means using premium baby skincare products.


What separates a premium skincare product from the rest? The primary definition would be of a product that contains only healthy and safe ingredients, and is therefore free of any skin irritants or harmful ingredients. Some of these potential irritants, allergens or safety-concerning chemicals, which appear quite frequently in several baby skincare products currently on the market, include the following:


Fragrances (perfumes)






In part one of this series, our discussion focuses on fragrances.


Why should premium skincare influencers products be fragrance free (unscented)?


Fragrance formulas are considered trade secrets and their components are not revealed on labels. Fragrance has been increasingly cited as a trigger in health conditions such as asthma, allergies and migraine headaches. Furthermore, some fragrance materials have been found to accumulate in adipose tissue and are present in breast milk


We are exposed to many scented (fragrance-containing) products or materials on a daily basis, such as toiletries, skincare, household, laundry products, or certain packaging materials, etc. These products are one of the sources of chemicals that have a diverse spectrum of health effects, such as endocrine disruption. Endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) are chemicals that can alter hormonal signaling, influence our metabolism, affect nervous and reproductive system development.


Just having a “synthetic fragrance free” product may not be enough for those with sensitive skin, or certain skin problems such as eczema, hives, contact dermatitis, or other types of dermatitis. Natural scents (fragrances) from flowers and plants, including certain essential oils, could potentially lead to skin sensitization or an adverse reaction, as they may contain skin irritants or skin sensitizing materials. In this case, being natural or organic does not guarantee it’s gentle on your skin; in fact, it could cause allergic reactions or trigger a flare up of a preexisting condition. For use on babies or anyone else with sensitive skin, we always suggest unscented skin care products.

NYC drug treatment NYC
Consistent with most districts of health care, the marketplace has seen a growth in the making of NYC drug treatment NYC. Adding to this boost is the paradigm move in the manner community views intellectual disease. Modern society is placing a bulkier importance on the requirement to handle individuals with critical addictions for example doctor prescribed, generate and alcohol medications. A large percentage of men and women struggling with behavior problems are suffering with each emotional and addicting action and most will re-key in communities and sometimes turn out to be contributors or violators.

Drug rehab services do not usually produce the attention from today’s top rated health care creative designers as well as their quantity accounts for a small portion of medical care building. However, Behavior Health care jobs are improving in number and therefore are getting produced by some really notable architectural organizations including Cannon Architecture and Design and style additionally. Most are NYC drug treatment NYC, prize-profitable modern services that defy what many of us believe in Behavior Medical care design and style.

Changing the Way We Design and style Behavior Medical care Establishments drug rehab

As with most very good planners and makers, A D (along with premises experts) are examining the straight requirements of individuals and personnel whilst exhibiting how new medication and modern layout can foster affected individual curing costs, lessen ecological stress, and improve basic safety. This really is altering the face area of the final result and remedy through giving the practitioner additional time to treat mainly because they require much less time as well as assets to “deal with” disruptive patient populations.

The face of Personality NYC drug treatment NYC is changing

Will no longer be these facilities made to factory sufferers indefinitely. Drug rehab society’s objectives have changed. People are frequently addressed with the notion they can go back to their local community and become a cause of modern society. In accordance with the Federal Association of Psychiatric Wellness Systems (NAPHS), depending on the severity of health issues, the normal period of being in Behavioral Health-related premises is only 9.6 days and nights.

Claims that there are two principal factors behind the shortened entry period:

  1. Introduction of contemporary psychotropic medicines that significantly rate rehabilitation
  2. Challenges from insurance carriers to acquire people out of expensive modes of treatment

To fulfill these problems, medical professionals are finding it tough to efficiently treat sufferers throughout the walls of antiquated, swiftly deteriorating mental establishments. An excellent percentage of these services were constructed between 1928 and 1908 and were made for psychiatric demands that have been principled within the idea to “retail store” to never “rehabilitate.”

Also impacting the requirement for Personality Medical care design will be the reluctance of extreme-attention establishments to offer psychological health levels professional services for psychiatric or habit patients. They know that affected person groups experiencing personality problems have special overall health requirements, which need to be taken care of and handled only by very seasoned healthcare professionals. This affected individual population also requires an increased degree of stability. Self-harm and hurting personnel along with other sufferers are key concerns.

Detox centers in Northern Virginia
Detox centers in Northern Virginia and also other habit therapy ideas is the requisite one to about three-30 days in-residence continues to be. Addicts are living at their treatment establishments during this stage, and they obtain 50 or higher several hours of intense remedies per week. Even if this approach is hard and stressful for most rehab patients, it generates rewarding and very long-sustained final results. Here are many benefits of inpatient drug rehab.


Though many people might take a look at guidance during the unfavorable lighting, it’s a critical component of inpatient dependence treatment method. A lot of people who attend these plans are so connected directly into medicines or liquor their very own desires. In contrast to the preferred notion Detox centers in Northern Virginia, a dependency isn’t a matter of willpower. Several short weeks of constant oversight makes certain consistently drug-free of charge living — a complete necessity for folks attempting to realize long-lasting sobriety.


Out-patient and partial hospital stay rehab plans allow addicts the liberty to go away from their clinics and in the short term go back to the outer lining world. Although this might be safe for a few people, people who need to have inpatient therapy are unable to typically deal with this sort of responsibility.

Simply being isolated for their treatment Detox centers in Northern Virginia

About reduces the likelihood of medicine temptations for inpatients. Counseling sessions, group of people chats, as well as other popular rehab therapies, are usually psychologically and on an emotional level striving. Nevertheless, staying in specialized medical treatment services may be significantly less nerve-racking for several inpatients than their typical lifestyles. For thirty to ninety times, they do not need to think about their work, partnerships, or financial troubles — tensions which commonly guided them to use drugs inside the first place.

Personal Breakthroughs

Addicts often use medicines as a result of troubling and strong emotionally charged troubles. They also are often afflicted by co-taking place psychological health problems that worsen their addictive behavior designs. The very long in-home continue to be of inpatient applications helps you to form sure those addicts commit the required time with habit counselors to make essential breakthroughs. They uncover the basic causes of their addictions, and decide whether they get the other difficulties which require simultaneous therapy.

Lasting Lifestyle Changes

They’re prepared to produce custom-made strategies for dealing with medication urges and steering clear of their dependency cases, due to the private development inpatients make. These tactics turn out to be crucial in the future, as all addicts encounter drug cravings soon after making their rehab treatment centers. Dependency is incurable sickness, but it tends to be successfully maintained with rehab. This problem causes it to be extremely hard for addicts to productively engage their treatments while in rehab and stay nice and clean later on. Fortunately, most clinics now make PAWS management a high goal inside their therapy programs.

Security Alarms main factor of the vivint review system

 High priority on trying to keep our family and residence safe, vivint review all concerns ourselves with our family and maintaining them from harm’s way. When our house is vacant – no-one will be able to burglary. That’s one more issue. security alarms very easily look after both of these problems.

We’ve all noticed the stories of people that reside in small cities usually departing their entrance doors unlocked – when they start working and through the night time too. In today’s world, this just isn’t sensible, regardless of where you reside. No one is entirely secure. But with protection alarms you could have pretty much just as much protection as you’ll ever need.

Although it’s one of the most popular companies delivering equally enterprise and home stability, you can find other folks out there who claim to do just as good a task. It’s crucial that when you decide to use a home security system installed that you could have confidence in the organization dealing with the job.

 Safety sensors are watched and mounted by a business

As soon as the system’s into the position you can be sure that Vivint reviews your family along with your house and is being cared for through the finest.

Possessing a reputable system in a position is crucial when you’re from the village too. A lot of family members and folks travel regularly. If you’re heading off to Disney World with your loved ones you don’t need to have to help keep worrying about whether or not your possessions and residence are secure.

With stability alarm systems, vivint review

Your property will probably be closely observed the whole time you are away. Before you leave and in case a burglar pauses within an alarm system noises at the keeping track of service and they immediately alert law enforcement, you just establish the protection security alarms.

Most adolescents desire to illustrate with their mother and father they can take care of keeping your property by it for the day or evening. During school holiday seasons, some moms and dads sign-up their children in a watched action only to make sure they have got an individual observing after them.

With safety security alarms in your home, your kids can remain property by yourself together with the self-confidence of realizing that if something fails they may make noise the security alarm. On an old little one, it can help them find out duty even though the mother or father believes safe understanding they’ll be safeguarded, although,  this wouldn’t be right for a six or eight-calendar year-aged.

You can find diverse costs that happen to be included in establishing a process at your residence or workplace. You’ll pay at the beginning for the stability alarms being mounted and then you’ll also be required to spend a month-to-month or annual checking fee. Being aware of your property and loved ones are properly protected may be worth nearly every expense.

Portrait of happy mother and her daughter cooking in the kitchen

Our place plenty of effort into your workouts, perpetually wanting to perform higher and reach your goals.

Chances are you’ve got given additional thought to your pre-workout meal than your post-workout meal. Diet Exercise

But intense the correct nutrients once you exercise is simply as vital as what you eat before.

Here may be an elaborate guide to optimum nutrition once workouts.

Eating once a physical exertion is very important
to understand however the correct foods will assist you once exercise, it is vital to grasp however your body is tormented by physical activity.

When you understand, your muscles fritter away their animal starch stores for fuel.

This leads to your muscles being part depleted of animal starch. A number of the proteins in your muscles additionally get weakened and broken once your physical exertion, Diet Exercise your body tries to make its animal starch stores and repair and produce those muscle proteins.

Eating the correct nutrients shortly once you exercise will facilitate your body get this done quicker. It’s notably vital to eat carbs and super molecule once your physical exertion.

Doing this helps your body:

Decrease muscle super molecule breakdown.
Increase muscle super molecule synthesis (growth).
Restore animal starch stores.
Enhance recovery. Protein, Carbs and Fat
This section discusses however every macronutrient — super molecule, carbs and fat — is concerned in your body’s post-workout recovery method.

Protein Helps Repair and Build Muscle
As explained on top of, exercise triggers the breakdown of muscle super molecule (1Trusted supply, 2Trusted Source).

The rate at that this happens depends on the exercise and your level of coaching, however even well-trained athletes expertise muscle super molecule breakdown (3Trusted supply, 4Trusted supply, 5Trusted Source).

Consuming AN adequate quantity of super molecule once a physical exertion offers your body the amino acids it has to repair and make these proteins. It additionally offers you the building blocks needed to create new muscle tissue (1Trusted supply, 6Trusted supply, 7Trusted supply, 8Trusted supply).

It’s counseled that you simply consume zero.14–0.23 grams of super molecule per pound of weight (0.3–0.5 grams/kg) terribly shortly once a physical exertion (1Trusted Source).

Studies have shown that ingesting 20–40 grams of super molecule looks to maximize the body’s ability to recover once exercise (6Trusted supply, 8Trusted Source, 9Trusted Source).

Carbs facilitate With Recovery

your body’s animal starch stores are used as fuel throughout exercise, and intense carbs once your physical exertion helps fill again them.

The rate at that your animal starch stores are used depends on the activity. As an example, endurance sports cause your body to use additional animal starch than resistance coaching. Diet Exercise

For this reason, if you participate in endurance sports (running, swimming, etc.), you may have to be compelled to consume additional carbs than a muscleman.

Consuming zero.5–0.7 grams of carbs per pound (1.1–1.5 grams/kg) of weight inside half-hour once coaching leads to correct animal starch resynthesize (1Trusted Source).

Furthermore, internal secretion secretion, that promotes animal starch synthesis, is best stirred once carbs and supermoleculear consumed at identical time (10Trusted supply, 11Trusted supply, 12Trusted supply, 13Trusted Source).

Therefore, intense each carbs and supermolecule once exercise will maximize supermolecule and animal starch synthesis (13Trusted supply, 14Trusted Source).

Try intense the 2 in an exceedingly quantitative relation of 3:1 (carbs to protein). As an example, forty grams of supermoleculeand one hundred twenty grams of carbs (15Trusted supply, 16Trusted Source).

Eating many carbs to make animal starch stores is most significant for people that exercise usually, like doubly within the same day. If you’ve got one or two days to rest between workouts then this becomes less significant.

Fat isn’t that unhealthy
many people assume that feeding fat once a physical exertion slows down digestion and inhibits the absorption of nutrients. Diet Exercise

While fat would possibly cut down the absorption of your post-workout meal; it’ll not scale back its advantages.

For example, a study showed that milk was more practical at promoting muscle growth once a physical exertion than skimmed milk (17Trusted Source).

Moreover, Diet Exercise  another study showed that even once ingesting a high-fat meal (45% energy from fat) once understanding, muscle animal starch synthesis wasn’t affected (18Trusted Source).

A correct assessment of the Pick legal options and protect your rights may be the constitutional source of major concern for that Cincinnati criminal lawyer. When faced with an unsafe situation, out of the box the case inside a criminal case, you should know when it’s time for the services of a lawyer to protect Cincinnati criminal. Could face a criminal case prior to the arrest; in this scenario, inter alia, an investigator or a judge permits the arrest of the person charged with a criminal offence with the issuance of a warrant. Scott Lanzon Knoxville Attorney will be implemented with the growth and development of the arrest of the person charged with a criminal offense. The warrant of arrest mandates that the person arrested will be supplied with a duplicate of the memorandum. It is important to realize that the authorities aren’t necessary to obtain a copy from the warrant of arrest to have this. However, they’re obliged to provide him having a copy of the warrant for his arrest inside a reasonable period of time they were not punished for illegal detention operations.
At this stage Scott Lanzon Knoxville Attorney, the one who is the subject of arrest warrants and criminal lawyer ought to be consulted.
Following the arrest from the man, he passes the reservation. Including a document of the process that fingerprints along with other procedural requirements happen to be met through the police; the arrested person has got the chance to hold talks together with his lawyer as the reservations done. As the person is in police custody, he has the authority to speak with a lawyer of domestic violence. Scott Lanzon Knoxville Attorney in police custody before the hearing and also the order of the hearing, a legal court will need to take place within 48 hours as soon as of arrest. It is crucial for that person arrested to be able to consult with his lawyer in particular, the court is done. A person charged with a criminal offense asks the judge to create a statement after that displays the particular charges against him in court. Statement may be guilty, no contest or otherwise guilty. If the defendant didn’t enter any options, the Court, with the intervention from the judge pleaded not liable on his behalf.